ART, CARTOONING, AND HUMOR:

 

            by Don L. F. Nilsen

            Arizona State University

           

Abad, Ernesto J., and Gabriel E. Abad. "Cels Piñol: The Comics Fan and the Author." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 119-137.

Abe, Goh, and James McLeod. "The Mythologies of Animation and Imagination: Cartoons as Worldview and Folklore in Post Modern Culture." Ohkawagun, Kagawa, Japan: Tokushima Bunri University's Research Institute for Comparative Culture, 1995.

Abed, F. "Visual Puns as Interactive Illustrations: Their Effects on Recognition Memory." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 9 (1994): 45-60.

Abramson, Glenda. "Mightier than the Sword: Jewish Cartoons and Cartoonists in South Africa." Humor: International Journal of Humor Research 4.2 (1991): 149-64.

Adams, Patch. "My Life as a Cartoon Character." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 1-29.

Alaniz, José. “Caricature and Incarceration: The Case of Slava Sysoev.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 145-162.

Alaniz, José. “Death and the Superhero: The Silver Age and Beyond.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 234-248.

Alaniz, José. "Introduction or, Why I call Them Komiks." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 5-22.

Alaniz, José. "Supercrip: Disability and the Marvel Silver Age Superhero." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 304-324.

Alaniz, José.  “Towards a History of a Stalled’ Medium: Comics in Russia.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 4-29.

Alary, Viviane. "Briefness in Spanish Comics: A Few Landmarks." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 5-27.

Alejo, Miguel. "Chumy Chúmez: The Work of José María González Castrillo." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 110-118.

Alley, Patricia Williams. "Hokinson and Hollander: Female Cartoonists and American Culture." Women's Comic Visions. Ed. June Sochen. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1991, 115-140.

Anderberg, Mary. "Charles Dana Gibson and The Eternal Comedy." Thalia 2.1-2 (1979): 55-72.

Anderson, Ian. "The Far Side of Science." New Scientist 109 (1986): 59.

Annis, A. D. "The Relative Effectiveness of Cartoons and Editorials as Propaganda Media." Psychological Reports 36 (1939): 638.

Aronoff, Mark, Irit Meir, and Wendy Sandler. "The Paradox of Sign Language Morphology." Language 81.2 (2005): 301-344.

Armitage, Shelley. John Held, Jr.: Illustrator of the Jazz Age. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse Univ Press, 1987.

Armitage, Shelley. Kewpies and Beyond: The World of Rose O'Neill. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Asher, R., and S. Sargent. "Shifts in Attitude Caused by Cartoon Caricatures." Journal of General Psychology

24 (1941): 451-455.

Askin, Walter. Another Art Book. Pasadena, CA: Nose Press, 1984.

Atherton, Herbert M. Political Prints in the Age of Hogarth: A Study of the Ideographic Representation of Politics. NY: Clarendon, 1974.

Ault, Donald. "In the Trenches, Taking the Heat: Confessions of a Comics Professor." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 241-260.

Aycock, D. Alan. "Play without Players, Players without Play: The World Computer Chess Championship." Play and Culture 3.2 (May, 1990): 133-45.

Babcock, Barbara A., ed. The Reversible World: Symbolic Inversion in Art and Society. Symbol, Myth, and Ritual Series. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Ball, Derek, Fred Piercy, and Gary Bischof. "Externalizing the Problem through Cartoons: A Case Example." Journal of Systemic Therapies 12.1 (1993): 19-21B.

Barcus, F. E. "The World of Sunday Comics." Funnies: An American Idiom. Eds. David Manning White, and Robert H. Abel. London, England: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1963, 190--218.

Barker, Martin. "Kicked into the Gutters: or, `My Dad Doesn't Read Comics; He Studies Them.'" International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 64-77.

Barrier, Michael, and Martin Williams. Smithsonian Book of Comic-Book Comics. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, 1981.

Barrero, Manuel. "The Evolution of Children's Comics in Spain." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 28-49

Barshay, Robert. "Black Humour in the Modern Cartoon." It's a Funny Thing, Humour. Eds. Antony Chapman and Hugh Foot. NY: Pergamon, 1977, 57-60.

Baudin, Henri. "Le Rébus: Un Humour Graphique Dérivé du Ludique." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 13-24.

Beaty, Bart. "The Contemporary Field of European Comics: The Example of Lewis Trondheim." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 168-183.

Beaty, Bart. "Featuring Stories by the World's Greatest Authors: Classics Illustrated and the `Middlebrow Problem' in the Postwar Era." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 122-139.

Beez, Jigal. "Katuni Za Miujuza: Fantastic Comics from East Africa." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 77-95.

Beez, Jigal. "They Are Crazy These Swahili: Komredi Kipepe in the Footsteps of Asterix; Globalization in East African Comics." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 95-114..

Behrens, Roy R. "Beyond Caricature: On Types of Humor in Art." Journal of Creative Behavior 11.3 (1997): 165-175.

Belanger, Heather G., A. Lee Kirkpatrick, and Peter Derks. "The Effects of Humor on Verbal and Imaginal Proble Solving." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 11.1 (1998): 21-32.

Bell, Louis Michael, Cathy Makin Orr, and Michael J. Preston. Urban Folklore from Colorado: Photocopy Cartoons. Ann Arbor, MI: Xerox University Microfilms, 1976.

Bendazzi, Giannaltergo. Cartoons: One-Hundred Years of Cinema Animation. Bloomingtion, IN: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Benton, Mike. Science Fiction Comics: The Illustrated History. Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing, 1992.

Berger, Arthur Asa. "Funnies Are Good for Us: Healthful Benefits of Humorous Comic Strips." The World and I (May, 1992): 659-668.

Berger, Arthur Asa. "Is This the Kind of Thing That Serious Academics Do?" International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 40-47.

Berger, Arthur Asa. Li'l Abner: A Study in American Satire. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Berger, Arthur Asa. "Seeing Laughter: Visual Aspects of Humor." Blind Men and Elephants: Perspectives on Humor. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press, 1995, 139-158.

Beronä, David A. "Breaking Taboos: Sexuality in the Work of Will Eisner and the Early Wordless Novels. The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 90-103.

Beronä, David A. "Pumping Iron: Male Stereotypes in Delisle's Albert et les Autres." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 299-315.

Bistis, Margo. "Bad Art: The Decline of Academic Art in the Caricatural Salon." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 126-148.

Black, Jake. "Flop of Steel: Why `It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's Superman' Did Not Fly Over Broadway." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 546-552.

Blackbeard, Bill. "The Four Color Paper Trail: A Look Back." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 205-215.

Blackbeard, Bill. "Humorous Book Illustration." Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 11: American Humorists, 1800-1950. Ed. Stanley Trachtenberg. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1982, 625-39.

Blackbeard, Bill. R. F. Outcault's "The Yellow Kid": A Centennial Celebration of the Kid Who Started the Comics. Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink Press, 1995.

Blackmore, Tim. "300 and Two: Frank Miller and Daniel Ford Interpret Herodotus's Thermopylae Myth." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 325-349.

Blanco de la Cruz. “The Engineering of Humor.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 191-194.

Blumberg, Arnold T. “`The Night Gwen Stacy Died’: The End of Innocence and the `Last Gasp of the Silver Age.’” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 197-212.

Bollom, Brandon W., and Shawn N. McKinney. "Alphonse Marie Mucha: Posters, Panels...and Comic Books?" International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 149-179.

Bon Aiuto, P. “Art, Science, and Humor: The Study of Humorous Experience at the Intersection between Psychology and the Art World.” Empirical Studies of the Arts 24.1 (2006): 3-4.

Bonaiuto, P. “Art, Science, and Humor: The Study of Humorous Experience at the Intersection between Psychology and the Art World.” Empirical lStudies of the Arts 24.1 (2006): 3-42.

Bongco, Mila. Reading Comics: Language, Culture and the Concept of the Superhero in Comic Books.  Levittown, PA: Garland, 2001.

Bouissac, Paul. “Circus, Clowns and Culture.” The Philosophy of the Visual Arts. Ed. Philip Alperson. Oxford, England: Oxford Universtiy Press, 1992, 582-591.

Bower, Kathrin. "Holocaust Avengers: From `The Master Race' to Magneto." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 182-194.

Brabant, S., and L. Mooney. "Sex Role Stereotyping in the Sunday Comcs: Ten Years Later." Sex Roles. 14.3-4 (1986): 144-148.

Brasch, Walter M. ed. An Autobiography of Eugene Zimmerman. Cranbury, NJ: Susquehanna University Press, 1993.

Brasch, Walter M. Cartoon Monickers: An Insight into the Animation Industry. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green Univ Popular Press, 1983.

Brodzinsky, David M., and J. Rubien. "Humor Production as a Function of Sex of Subject, Creativity, and Cartoon Content." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 44.4 (1976): 597-600.

Brooks, Charles, ed. Best Editorial Cartoons of the Year Twenty Volumes. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Company, 1980-1999.

Brown, Ivan. "Perception of Humor in Cartoon Riddles by Adults with Intellectual Disability." Perceptual and Motor Skills 78.3 (1994): 817-818.

Brown, Marc. "The Artist at Work: The Importance of Humor." Horn Book Magazine 66.5 (1994): 563-570.

Brown, Sarah. “The Arkansas Traveller: Southwestern Humor on Canvas.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 46 (1987): 348-375.

Browne, Chris. "'Hägar the Horrible': God Willing, I will Avoid the Venus Flytrap of Hackdom." Witty World 15 (1993): 30-35.

Brummnett, Palmira. "Dogs, Women, Cholera, and Other Menaces in the Streets: Cartoon Satire in the Ottoman Press, 1909-1911." International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 27 (1995): 433-460.

Brunner, Edward. “Death and the Maiden: Milton Caniff’s Pre-War Anti-Elegiac War Elegy.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 174-196.

Bryant, Jennings, Dan Brown, and Alan R. Silberberg. "Effects of Humorous Illustration in College Textbooks." Human Communications Research. 8.1 (1981): 43-57.

Buhle, Paul. “Toward the Understanding of the Visual Vernacular: Radicalism in Comics and Cartoons.” Rethinking Marxism 18.3 (2006): 367-381.

Callahan, Bob, ed. The New Comics Anthology. New York, NY: Macmillan, 1991.

Caron, James E. “A Call from the Wild: Tigers, Monsters, and Other Beastly Fantasies in Calvin and Hobbes.” Inks: Cartoon and Comic Art Studies 4.1 (1997): 2-19.

Carpenter, Stanford W. “The Tarzan vs. Predator Comic Book Mini-Series: An Ethnographic Analysis.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 195-215.

Carretta, Vincent. The Snarling Muse: Verbal and Visual Political Satire from Pope to Churchill. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Perss, 1983.

Carrier, David. The Aesthetics of Comics. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.

Carroll, Noel. "Notes on the Sight Gag." Beyond Aesthetics: Philosophical Essays. Ed. Noel Carroll. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Carroll, Noel. A Philosophy of Mass Art. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Carron, Delphine. “Paul Auster’s City of Glass: From Word to Picture.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 518-531.

Carter, James Bucky. "`There'll Be Others Convergint': Fighting American, The Other, and `Governing' Bodies." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 364-375.

Cathcart, Adam. "Cruel Resurrection: Chinese Comics and the Korean War." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 37-55.

Ceviker, Turgut. “The City and Housing in Turkish Cartoons.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 127-131.

Chaney, Michael. “The Dismantling Evolution of Heroes: Aquaman’s Amputation.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 55-64.

Chanfrault, Bernard. "Les Représentations du `Français Moyen' dans le Dessin d'Humour: Approche de la Notion de Stéréotype Appliquée à l'Art Graphique." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 121-134.

Chaulet-Achour, Christiane. "Le Parti Sans Rire--Le Parti d'en Rire: Les Intégristes Algériens dans Dessins de Presse et BD." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 145-158.

Chekalov, Denis. "Comics: The World, If you Blink Slowly." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 39-55.

Cheng, Fang. “What is Humor?” International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 347-362.

Cohen, Karl F. Forbidden Animation: Censored Cartoons and Black-listed Animators in America. New York, NY: McFarland, 1997.

Cohn, Neil. “Un-Defining `Comics’: Separating the Cultural from the Structural in Comics.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 236-248.

Cole, Bruce, and Adelheid Gealt. Art of the Western World. NY: Summit Books, 1989.

Colldeweih, Jack. Graphic Opinions: Editorial Cartoonists and their Art. Bowlilng Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1998.

Corcoran, R., C. Cahill, and C. D. Frith. “The Appreciation of Visual Jokes in People with Schizophrenia: A Study of `Mentalizing’ Ability.” Schizophrenia Research. 24 (1997): 319-327.

Couperie, Pierre. A History of the Comic Strip. New York, NY: Crown, 1968.

Crawford, Hubert H. Crawford's Encyclopedia of Comic Books. Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David, 1978.

Cremins, Brian. "`I Asked for Water (She Gave Me Gasoline)': Tim Truman's Scout and Social Satire in the Independent Comics of the 1980s." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 339-350.

Crowley, Charlene S., et. al. Caricature and its Role in Graphic Satire. Providence, RI: Museum of Art, 1971.

Cuccolini, Giulio C. "In Search of Lost Time or Time Regained." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 26-39.

Curtis, Perry, Jr. Apes and Angels: The Irishman in Victorian Caricature. New York, NY: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1971.

Daneshvary, Rennae. "Recognition Effectiveness of Comic Strip Advertising for Small Retain Firms." Clothing and Textiles Research Journal 9.2 (1991): 33-36.

Dauer, Francis W. "The Picture as the Medium of Humorous Incongruity." American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (1988): 241-251.

Davidson, Sol M. "Culture and the Comic Strips." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 233-240.

Davidson, Sol M. “The Funnies’ Neglected Branch: Special Purpose Comics.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 340-357.

Davidson, Sol M. "Games People Play in the Comic Strips." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 513-529.

Davidson, Sol M. “Love Affair with a Unique Medium: Big Little Books.” International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 181-227.

De Angelis, Richard. "Of Mice and Vermin: Animals as Absent Referent in Art Spiegelman's Maus." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 230-249.

De Moya, Alvaro. "Pioneering in Brazilian Quadrinhos, as a Cartoonist and Researcher." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 23-25.

Deckers, Lambert, R. T. Buttram, and D. Winstead. "Sensitization of Humor Responses to Cartoons." Motivation and Emotion 13 (1989): 71-81.

Derks, Peter. "Category and Ratio Scaling of Sexual and Innocent Cartoons." Humor: International Journal of Humor Research 5.4 (1992): 319-330.

Dergachov, Oleg. "Rosta Windows: As A Phenomenon of Russian Revolutionary Comic Strips." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 218-322.

Derks, Peter, and Sanjay Aurora. "Sex and Salience in the Appreciation of Cartoon Humor." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 6.1 (1993): 57-70.

Desai, Chetan. "The Krishna Conspiracy." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 325-333.

Di Liddo, Annalisa. "Transcending Comics: Crossing the Boundaries of the Medium in Alan Moore and Eddie Campbell's Snakes and Ladders." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 530-545.

Dines, Gail. "Toward a Critical Sociological Analysis of Cartoons." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research. 8.3 (1995): 237-256.

Doherty, Thomas. "Art Spiegelman's Maus: Graphic Art and the Holocaust." American Literture 68 (1996): 69-84.

Douglas, Allen, and Fedwa Malti-Douglas. “Islamic `Classics Illustated’: Regendering Medieval Philosophy in a Modern Tunisian Strip.” The International Journal of Comic Art 1.2 (1999): 98-106.

Douglas, Allen, and Fedwa Malti-Douglas. "Tardi and Daeninckx: Comic Strips, Detective Novels, and World War I." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 134-146.

Duffy, Willilam. “Sing Muse, of the Immortal Hero: Using Epic to Understand Comic Books.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 258-270.

Duncan, Randy. "The Weaver's Art: An Examination of Comic Book `Writing'." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 134-142.

Dundes, Alan, and Carl R. Pagter. Why Don't Sheep Shrink When It Rains? A Further Collection of Photo-Copier Folklore. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000.

Duprat, Annie. "Humour et Caricatures Politiques (XVIème-XIXème Siècles)." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 83-96.

Duus, Peter. "The Marumaru Chinbun and the Origins of the Japanese Political Cartoon. The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 42-56.

Edwards, Janis L. Political Cartoons in the 1988 Presidential Campaign. New York, NY: Garland, 1997.

Ehrlich, David. "Growing up with Dinosaurs: An Interview with Steve Bissette." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 97-133.

Ehrlich, David. "An Interview with Dan Mitsui, Dartmouth College's Graphic Novelist." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 273-284.

Eisner, Will. "Comics and Electronics." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 60-63.

Eisner, Will. Comics and Sequential Art. Revised Edition. Tamarac, FL: Poorhouse Press, 1990.

Ellis, Allen. "Comic Art in Scholarly Writing: A Citation Guide. The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 33-41.

Erofeyev, Viktor. "Comics and the Comics Disease." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 22-38.

Escher, M. C. The Graphic Work of M. C. Escher: Introduced and Explained by the Artist. New York: Ballantine, 1967.

Estren, Mark. A History of Underground Comics. Berkeley, CA: Ronin, 1993.

Falletta, Nicholas. The Paradoxicon: A Collection of Contradictory Challenges, Problematical Puzzles, and Impossible Illustrations. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons, 1983.

Farley, Wilbur. “`The Disease Resumes Its March to Darkness’: The Death of Captain Marvel and the Metastasis of Empire.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 249-257.

Farmer, Clark. “Comic Book Color and the Digital Revolution.” International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 330-346.

Farquhar, Mary Ann. "Sanmao: Classic Cartoons and Chinese Popular Culture." Asian Popular Culture. Ed. John Lent. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995, 139-158.

Feaver, William Andrew. Masters of Caricature: From Hogarth and Gillray to Scarfe and Levine. NY: Random House, 1981.

Fernández L'Hoeste, Héctor. “Beyond Just Gender: On the World of Maitena Burundarena.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 346-361.

Fernández L'Hoeste, Héctor. "Flopi Bach: A benevolent Misogyny?" International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 206-229.

Fernández L'Hoeste, Héctor. "The Mystern of Kalimán, el Hombre Increíble: Race and Identity in Mexican Comics." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 220-230.

Fernández L'Hoeste, Héctor. "Resurrecting the Nation Through the Eyes of a Native: The Case of Turey el Taíno." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 70-83.

Fernández L'Hoeste, Héctor. "Vladdo, Aleida, and the Politics of Gender in War-Torn Colombia." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 148-162.

Feuerhahn, Nelly. Maurice Henry: La Révolte, le Rêve et le Rire. Paris, France: Somogy Éditions d’Art, 1997.

Feuerhahn, Nelly. Traits d'Impertinence: Histoire et Chefs-d-oeuvre du Dessin d'Humour de 1914 à Nos Jours Paris, France: SOMOGY, 1993.

Fischer, Craig. "Fantastic Fascism? Jack Kirby, Nazi Aesthetics, and Klaus Theweleit's Male Fantasies." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 334-354.

Fischer, Roger A. Them Damned Pictures: Explorations in American Political Cartoon Art. North Haven, CT: Archon Books, 1996.

Fisher, George. "There You Go Again!" Editorial Cartoons of the Reagan Years. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press, 1987.

Fisher, Rhoda. "Leonardo da Vinci: A Comic and Practical Joker." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 8.1 (1995): 29-38.

Fontana, Monica. "From a Figure on the Left to a Caricature of the Right: Changes in the Public Image of Lula." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 188-205.

Forceville, Charles. “Addressing an Audience: Time, Place, and Genre in Peter van Straaten’s Calender Cartoons.” HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 18.3 (2005): 247-278.

Foster, William H. III. "The Image of Blacks (African Americans) in Underground Comix: New Liberal Agenda or Same Racist Stereotypes?" International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 1l68-186.

Fuchs, Wolfgang J. "The Story of an `Anatomy' that Gave Recognition to Comics as a Mass Medium." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 48-59.

Furniss, Maureen. Art in Motion: Animation Aesthetics. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Furtounov, Stefan. Eighth International Biennial of Humour and Satire in the Arts. Gabrovo, Bulgaria: House of Humor and Satire, 1989.

Gabrielson, Walter. "Westward Ha!" Art in America 70.1 (1982): 108-110.

Gadducci, Fabio. "Notes on the Early Decades of Italian Comic Art." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 30-77.

Gale, Steven H. "Seventy-Five Years of the New Yorker Cartoons: A History." American Periodicals 11 (    ): 95-130.

Gallagher, H. L., F. Happe, N. Brunswick, P. C. Fletcher, U. Frith, and C. D. Frith. Reading the Mind in Cartoons and Stories: An fMRI Study of `Theory of Mind’ in Verbal and Nonverbal Tasks New York, NY: Elsevier/Pergamon, 1999; Neuropsychologia 38 (2000): 11-21.

Gangelhoff, B. “The Divine Comedy: California Sculptor Cecilia Z. Miguez Finds Humor in Humanity.” Southwest Art (July, 2006): 164-169.

García Cerrada, Juan. "The Graphic Humor Program of the General Foundation of the University of Alcalá." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 102-109.

Gardes, Jean-Claude. "Les Ressorts de l'Humour Graphique de Robert Gernhardt." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 37-50.

Gardes, Jean-Claude, and Vincent Gérard Martin. "Présentation." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 5-8.

Geerdes, Clay. "The Shadowy Origins of Batman: Human or Superhuman?" Witty World 8 (1989): 30-33.

Geipel, John. The Cartoon. New Jersey: A. S. Barnes, 1972.

Gentz, Annette. "Der Fuehrer's Animation--Animation and Propaganda in the German Reich." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 172-181.

Gerber, Ernst. The Photo-Journal Guide to Comic Books. 2 Volumes. Minden, NV: Gerber, 1989-1990.

Gerber, Ernst. The Photo-Journal Guide to Marvel Comics. 2 Volumes. Minden, NV: Gerber, 1991.

Gerberg, Mort. The Arbor House Book of Cartooning. New York, NY: Arbor House, 1983.

Gibson, Mel. "`You Can't Read Them; They're for Boys!' British Girls, American Superhero Comics and Identity." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 305-324.

Gifford, Denis. American Comic Strip Collections, 1884-1939. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall, 1990.

Gifford, Denis. Encyclopedia of Comic Characters. Essex, England: Longman, 1987.

Goldstein, Kalman. “American Political Cartoons and Comics.” Comedy: A Geographic and Historical Guide Ed. Maurice Charney. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood Press, 2005, 121-134.

Goldweber, David E. "Mr. Punch, Dangerous Savior." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 157-170.

Goodman, Joel. "Barry Interesting...and Barry Strange!... I'm Not Making This Up: An Interview with Dave Barry." Laughing Matters 8.1 (1991): 19-22.

Goodman, Joel. "Close to Ho-Ho-Home: A Close-Up Interview with John McPherson." Laughing Matters 11.2 (1996): 46-67.

Goodman, Joel. "Dilbert is Upsizing." Laughing Matters. 11.3 (1997): 86-105.

Goodman, Joel. "Down-to-Earth, Up-to-Mirth Cartoonist Cathy Guisewite." Laughing Matters 6.2 (1989): 47-60.

Goodman, Joel. "For Better or For Worse: Lynn Johnston's Art of Living with Humor." Laughing Matters 7.1 (1990): 6-17.

Goodman, Joel. "Grimm and Bear It: Mike Peters Draws the (Funny) Line." Laughing Matters 8.2 (1992): 46-61.

Goodman, Joel. "The Importance of Being Frank and Ernest: A Frank and Earnest Conversation with Bob Thaves." Laughing Matters 9.4 (1994): 126-142.

Goodman, Joel. "The Word from Mount Laughmore: A Conversation with Mort Walker." Laughing Matters 7.3 (1991): 87-106.

Goodman, Joel. "Ziggy is Funtastic! The Warmth, Wit, and Wisdom of Tom Wilson." Laughing Matters 10.1 (1994): 6-23.

Gordon, George Newton. "Can Children Corrupt Our Comics?" The Funnies: An American Idiom. Ed. David Manning White and Robert H. Abel. Toronto, Canada: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1963, 164-165.

Gordon, Ian. Comic Strips and Consumer Culture 1890-1945. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Goulart, Ron, ed. Encyclopedia of American Comics. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1990.

Goulart, Ron. The Great Comic Book Artists. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Goulart, Ron. Ron Goulart's Great History of Comic Books. Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books, 1986.

Groch, A. S. "Generality of Response to Humor and Wit in Cartoons, Joke Stories and Photographs." Psychological Reports 35 (1974): 835-838.

Groensteen, Thierry. The System of Comics. Trans: Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2007

Guyon, André. "Penser l"humour avec Gary Larsson: Tentative de Recyclage." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 51-68.

Haas, Kathy. "The Many Faces behind the Laughs: A Collection of Cartoonists'Self-Caricatures." Witty World 11-12 (1991): 42-51.

Hale, Norman. All Natural Pogo: A New Interpretation of Walt Kelly's Classic Comics. New York, NY: Thinker's Books, 1991.

Hall, Ed. Diversions and Other Political Observations by Ed Hall. New York, NY: Halltoons Publishing, 2006.

Hansen, Bert. "True-Adventure Comic Books and American Popular Culture in the 1940s: An Annotated Research Bibliography of the Medical Heroes." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 117-147.

Harbsmeier, Christoph. The Cartoonist Feng Zikai: Social Realism with a Buddhist Face. Oslo, Norway: The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1984.

Harbsmeier, Christoph. "Some Preliminary Notes on Chinese Jokes and Cartoons." China in the 1980s--and Beyond. Ed. K. Brodsgaard and B. Arendrup. London, England: Cruzon Press, 1986.

Harris, Sidney. Can't You Guys Read? Cartoons on Academia. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1991.

Harris, Sidney. So Sue Me!: Cartoons on the Law. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1993.

Harrison, Randall P. The Cartoon: Communication to the Quick. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1981.

Harvey, Robert C. The Art of the Funnies: An Aesthetic History. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Harvey, Robert C. The Art of the Comic Book: Another Aesthetic History. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 1996.

Harvey, Robert C. ed. Cartoons of the Roaring Twenties, Volume I: 1920-1922. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books, 1991

Harvey, Robert C. ed. Cartoons of the Roaring Twenties, Volume II: 1923-25. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books, 1992.

Harvey, Robert C. Children of the Yellow Kid: The Evolution of the American Comic Strip. Seattle, WA: Frye Art Museum and University of Washington, 1998.

Harvey, Robert C. "Comedy at the Juncture of Word and Image: The Emergence of the Modern Magazine Gag Cartoon Reveals the Vital Blend." The Language of Comics: Word and Image. Eds. Robin Varnum and Christina T. Gibbons. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2001, 75-98.

Harvey, Robert C. A Gallery of Rogues: Cartoonists' Self-Caricatures. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.

Harvey, Robert C. The Genius of Winsor McCay. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Libraries, 1998.

Harvey, Robert C. “It’s Not My Fault: Confessions of a Comics Junkie, Or, How I Became a Crazed Fanatic about Cartooning, Its History and Lore.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 3-43.

Harvey, Robert C. ed. Milton Caniff Conversations. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 2002.

Harvey, Robert C., and Gus Arriola Accidental Ambassador Gordo: The Comic Strip Alrt of Gus Arriola. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.

Heath, M. “Drawing a Laugh: A Gallery of Spectator Humour by the Joke Cartoonist of the Year.” Spectator 9298 (2006): 24-73.

Hegerfors, Sture. "Sture Hegefors and Swedish Comics Scholarship." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 8-20.

Heller, Steven, and Gail Anderson. Graphic Wit: The Art of Humor in Design. New York, NY: Watson-Guptill, 1991.

Henisch, Heinz K., and Bridget A. Henisch. Positive Pleasures: Early Photography and Humor. University Park, PA: Penn State University, 1998.

Herzog, Thomas R., and Andrew J. Hagger. "The Prediction of Preference for Sexual Cartoons." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research i.4 (1995): 385-406.

Herzog, Thomas R., and David A. Larwin. "The Appreciation of Humor in Captioned Cartoons." The Journal of Psychology 122 (1988): 597-607.

Hess, Stephen, and Milton Kaplan. The Ungentlemanly Art: A Histo­ry of American Political Cartoons. Revised Edition. New York: Macmillan, 1975.

Higdon, "Frankenstein as Founding Myth in Gary Larson's The Far Side." Journal of Popular Culture 28.1 (1994): 49-60.

Hill, Christian. "Narrative Aesthetics of Time and Space in the Comics Series, Broussaille by Frank and Bom." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 1-17.

Hixson, Vivian Scott. He Looks Too Happy to be an Assistant Professor: Categories of Academic Cartoons. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1996.

Hoff, Sydney. Editorial and Political Cartooning. New York, NYH: Stravon Educational Press, 1976.

Hofstadter, Douglas R. Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid. New York: Vintage, 1979.

Holmes, Eric A. "Horror, Crime, and Red Dupes: The Agitative Rhetoric of Entertaining Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 180-187.

Holmes, Eric A. “Solidification, Hidden Guilts and `The Prude’: EC’s Agitative Rhetoric Continued.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 262-272.

Holmes, Thomas Alan. “Warren Ellis’ `Shoot’ and Media Passivity.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 370-374.

Hong, W. "Learning through Laughter: The Use of Cartoons in Business Chinese." Journal of Language for International Business 15.1 (2004): 100-116.

Horn, Maurice. "Collecting Original Art." Witty World 16 (1993): 11-17.

Horn, Maurice. "How It All Began, Or Present at the Creation." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 6-22.

Horn, Maurice. "Guido Crepax: A Memorial Tribute." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 78-89.

Horn, Maurice. "The Lady, or the Dragon?" International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 224-228.

Horn, Maurice, ed. World Encyclopedia of Cartoons. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1980.

Horn, Maurice, ed. World Encyclopedia of Comics. New York, NY: Chelsea House, 1976.

Hsiao, Hsiang-Wen. "Releasing the Clamps: Taiwanese Cartoonists Speak Out." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 7.1-2 (1996): 77-86.

Huber, Oswald, and Helmut Leder. "Are More Compact Cartoons More Humorous?" HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 10.1 (1997): 91-104.

Hughes, Robert. American Visions: The Epic History of Art in America. New York, NY: Knopf, 1997.

Hünig, Wolfgang K. British and German Cartoons as Weapons in World War I. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang, 2002.

Hutcheon, Linda. A Theory of Parody: The Teachings of Twentieth-Century Art Forms. New York: Methuen, 1985.

Hyde, Lewis. Trickster Makes This World: Mischief, Myth, and Art. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1998.

Hyun, Daiwon. "Promoting the Digital Content Industry in Korea, Focusing on Exporting Animation." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 329-339.

Inge, M. Thomas. "All Capp's South: Appalachian Humor in Li'l Abner." Studies in American Humor NS3.8 (2001): 4-20.

Inge, M. Thomas. Anything Can Happen in a Comic Strip: Centennial Reflections on an American Art Form. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

Inge, M. Thomas, ed. Charles M. Schulz: Conversations. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.

Inge, M. Thomas. Comics as Culture. Jackson, MS: Univ Press of Mississippi, 1990.

Inge, M. Thomas. "Comics as Culture." in What's So Funny: Humor in American Culture. Ed. Nancy A. Walker. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998, 185-192.

Inge, M. Thomas, ed. Dark Laughter: The Satiric Art of Oliver W. Harrington. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1993.

Inge, M. Thomas. "Ollie Harrington's Dark Laughter." Witty World 17 (1994): 18-19.

Inge, M. Thomas. “Politics and the American Sense of Humor.” Phi Beta Kappa Key Reporter 71.2 (2006): 8-9.

Inge, M. Thomas. "Portrait of the Professor as a Failed Cartoonist." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 21-30.

Inge, M. Thomas. “Sut, Scarlet and Their Comic Cousins: The South in the Comic Strip.” On the Culture of the American South: Essays Celebrating the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Popular Culture Association in the South and the American Culture Association in the South. Ed. Dennis Hall. 19.2 (1996): 153-166.

Inge, M. Thomas. "William Faulkner and the Graphic Novel." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 214-219.

Isaak, Jo Anna. Feminism and Contemporary Art: The Revolutionary Power of Women's Laughter. New York, NY: Routledge, 1996.

Isao, Shimizu. "A Pioneer in Japanese Comics (Manga) Scholarship: An Interview by Fusami Ogi." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 216-232.

Ito, Kinko. "Growing Up Japanese Reading Manga." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 392-403.

Ito, Kinko. "Japanese Ladies' Comics as Agents of Socialization: The Lessons They Teach." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003):425-436.

Ito, Kinko. "Sexism in Japanese Weekly Comic Magazines for Men." Asian Popular Culture. Ed. John Lent. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995, 127-137.

Jacobs, Dale. “Ho Che Anderson Interview.” International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 363-386.

Jacobsen, Janet Lee. "Response to Cartoon Humor as a Measure of Attitude Toward Male/Female Relations." Unpublished MA Thesis. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University, 1983.

Janik, Vicki K. Fools and Jesters in Literature, Art, and History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Jones, Malcolm. "Marcolf the Trickster in Late Mediaeval Art and Literature or: The Mystery of the Bum in the Oven." Spoken in Gest. Ed. Gillian Bennett. Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 1991. 139-174.

Jones, Matthew T. "Reflexivity in Comic Art." International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 270-286.

Jozsef, Bekesi "Joe." "Computer Imaging: A New Caricaturist." Witty World 19 (1995): 30-31.

Kail, Wendy. "Clifford K. Berryman: Drawing The Line." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 292-314.

Kan, K. “Graphically Speaking: Humor!” Voya 28.4 (2005): 294-295.

Kannenberg, Gene, Jr. "Proving `Silas' an Artist: Winsor McCay's Formal Experiments in Comics and Animation." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 57-75.

Karabas, Seyfri. "Hairy Turkish Cartoons." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 3.2 (1990): 193-215.

Karaminas, Vicki. “`No Capes!’ Über Fashion and How `Luck Favors the Prepared’: Constructing Contemporary Superhero Identities in American Popular Culture.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 498-508.

Kawa, Abraham. “The Universe She Died In: The Death and Lives of Gwen Stacy.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 212-233.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. The Art of the Modern Cartoon. Kiev, Russia: Bojkov Publishing House, 2003.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Art," Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  1997.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Culture." Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  1998.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Humor." Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye, 2004.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Informatics." Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye, 2002.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons of the 20th Century," Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  1998.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Philosophy," Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  1999.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Politics," Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  2001.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons and Sociology and Human Rights." Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Cartoons of the 20th Century," Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  2003.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "The History of the Cartoon in the USSR." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 8.2 (1995): 167-176.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "International Cartoon Festival," Karikatur Vakfi Yayinlari, Sezenler Sok 9.1. Sihhiye: Ankara, Turkey: Sihhiye,  1995.

Kazanevsky, Vladimir. "Preposterous Reality Engenders Laughter." Welcome to Ukraine. Ukraine, U.S.S.R.: Air Ukraine, 1999, 110-111.

Kazmierczak, Janusz. “Raymond Williams and Cartoons: From Churchill’s Cigar to Cultural History.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 147-163.

Keener, Polly. Cartooning. Engewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1992.

Kennedy, Simon. "Cartoons as a Catalyst for Therapeutic Change." Australian Journal of Comedy. 2.1 (1996): 129-144.

Kennedy, Martha H. "Early Creative Responses to 9-11 by Comic Artists: Panelists Share Personal Experiences." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 366-373.

Kennedy, Victor. "Mystery! Unraveling Edward Gorey's Tangled Web of Visual Metaphor." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 8.3 (1993): 181-194.

Kercher, Stephen E. “Cartoons as `Weapons of Wit”: Bill Mauldin and Herbert Block Take on America’s Postwar Anti-Communist Crusade.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 311-320.

Kidson, Mike. "William Hogarth: Printing Techniques and Comics." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 76-89.

Kim, Chunhyo, and John A. Lent. “The Inside and Outside Worlds of North Korean Animation.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 273-282.

Kince, E. Visual Puns in Design: The Pun Used as a Communications Tool. New York, NY: Watson-Guptill, 1982.

Kirkland, John. "Perception of Equally-Different Computer-Drawn Mirth-Like Schematic Faces." It's a Funny Thing, Humour. Eds. Antony Chapman and Hugh Foot. NY: Pergamon, 1977, 457-60.

Klein, Sheri. "Breaking the Mold with Humor: Images of Women in Visual Media." Art Education 46.5 (1993): 60-65.

Klein, Sheri. “What’s Funny about Art.” Visual Arts Research Journal 23.1 (1997): 49-61.

Kolsti, Paul. "Editorial Cartooning Has Room to Grow." Witty World 16 (1993): 27.

Kramarae, C. "Stereotypes opf Women's Speech: The Word from Cartoons." Journal of Pupular Culture 8.3 (1974): 624-630.

Kunzle, David. History of the Comic Strip: Two Volumes. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973/1989.

Kunzle, David. "Kunzle and the Comic Strip." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 3-7.

Kurtzman, Harvey. From Aargh! to Zap!: Harvey Kurtzman's Visual History of the Comics. New York, NY: Prentice Hall Press, 1991.

Kurtzman, Harvey. My Life As a Cartoonist. New York: Byron Preiss, 1988.

Kwon, Jae-Woong. "Korean Cartoonists' Reactions to Bush's `Axis of Evil.'" International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 276-286.

Laity, K. A. "Construction of a `Female Hero': Iconography in Les aventures extraordinaires d'Adèle Blanc-Sec." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 163-169.

Lakoff, George. "Metametaphorical Issues: Image Metaphors." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 2.3 (1987): 219-22.

Lamb, Chris. Drawn to Extremes: The Use and Abuse of Editorial Cartoons. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Langlois, Richard. “Pioneer in the Teaching of Bande Dessinée (Comic Art and Narrative) in Canada.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 78-88.

Larsen, Louise C. The Flight of the Forehead in the Third Reich: The Political Satire of Hans Bendix.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 126-145.

Le Duc, Dominique. "XXIst Century Graphic Novels: A Voyage with Edmond Baudoin." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 238-253.

Lee, Judith Y. Defining New Yorker Humor. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.

Lefcourt, Herbert M., Karina Davidson, Robert Shepherd, and Margory Phillips. "Who Likes `Far Side' Humor?" HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 10.4 (1997): 439-452.

Lefèvre, Pascal. "The Cold War and Belgian Comics (1945-1991)." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 195-204.

Lefèvre, Pascal. "Recovering Sensuality in Comic Theory." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 140-149.

Lent, John A. "50 Years of Superman: The Triumphs, Trials, and Tribulations of its Creators." Witty World 5 (1988): 4-5

Lent, John A. "Almost Left at the Gate: An Arrythmic Career in Comics Scholarship." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 84-96.

Lent, John A., ed. Animation, Caricature, and Gag and Political Cartoons in the United States and Canada: An International Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1994.

Lent, John A. “Mattelart, Armand and How to Read Donald Duck.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 44-46.

Lent, John A. "Bummers, Snakers-in-der-grass, Skallywaggers: Katzies Take (and Give) Abuses for 90 Years in the World's Oldest On-Going Comic Strip." Witty World 3 (1988): 33-35.

Lent, John A. "Cartooning in Malaysia and Singapore: The Same, but Different." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 256-289.

Lent, John A. "Cartooning in Réunion, with Special Reference to the Work of Serge and Appollo." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 462-472.

Lent, John A. Comic Art in Africa, Asia, Australia, and Latin America: A Comprehensive, International Bibliography Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.

Lent, John A. Comic Art of Europe: An International Comprehensive Bibliography Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1994.

Lent, John A., ed. Comic Books and Comic Strips in the United States: An International Bibliography Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1994.

Lent, John A. "Fear [of] and Loafing [with] Ralph Steadman in Turkey. International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 84-123.

Lent, John A. "Finally, An International Journal for Comic Art." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 1-3.

Lent, John A. "The Horrors of Cartooning in Slim's Algeria." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 150-156.

Lent, John A. "India's Amar Chitra Katha: "Fictionalized" History or the Real Story?" International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 56-76.

Lent, John A. "Larry Alcala and the Depiction of Filipinos As They Are." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 287-291.

Lent, John A. "Miroslav Barták: The Czech Who is Extremely Contended to be a Cartoonist." Witty World 18 (1994): 10-14.

Lent, John A. "New Zealand--Exporter of Mainstream Cartoonists, Haven for Alternative Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 170-204.

Lent, John A. "Oh, What a Time It Was! The Early Days of the Funnies." Witty World 19 (1995): 16-22.

Lent, John A. “Poland’s Malgorzata Tabaka: Drawer of Lyrical Satirical Cartoons.” The International Journal of Comic Art 1.2 (1999): 66-75.

Lent, John A. “Poland’s Malgorzata Tabaka: Drawer of Lyrical Satirical Cartoons.” The International Journal of Comic Art 1.2 (1999): 66-75.

Lent, John A. "Preserving for the Public Domain. Witty World 16 (1993): 39-40.

Lent, John A. "The Printed Word." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 327-329; International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003):437-440.

Lent, John A. (ed.). Pulp Demons: International Dimensions of the Post Anti-Comics Campaign. London, England: Associated University Press, 1999.

Lent, John A., and Joseph George Szabo. "In Many Cartoonists' Eyes: Editors and Inexperienced, Bureaucratic, Careless, Meddling, Sloppy, Indifferent, Insipid, Narrow-Minded, Humorless, Ignorant, Disrepectful, and Bad."  Witty World 16 (1993): 28-29.

Lent, John A., and Xu Ying. "Chinese Women Cartoonists: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003):351-366.

Lent, John A., and Xu Ying. “Cartooning and China’s `Cultural Revolution.’” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 89-125.

Leroy, Fabrice. "Absent-Mindedness, Mustaches, and the Cold War: The Image of Science in Hergeés Professor Calculus and Franquin's Count of Champignac." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 205-217.

Leroy, Fabrice, and Livio Belloï. "The Cartoonist as Iconoclast:Flaubertian Irony and Media Parody in Pierre La Police's Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 222-237.

Lesser, Raymond, and Susan Wolpert, eds. The Best of the Best of American Humor. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press, 2002.

Lewis, A. David. “Ever-Ending Battle: A Symposium.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 163-173.

Lewis, A. David. "One for the Ages: Barbara Gordon and the (Il-)Logic of Comic Book Age-Dating." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 296-311.

Lewis, A. David. "The Secret, Untold Relationship of Biblical Midrash and Comic Book Retcon." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 261-275.

Lindauer, Martin S. "Physiognomy and Verbal Synesthesia Compared: Affective and Intersensory Descriptors of Nouns with Drawings and Art." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 6.3 (1991): 183-202.

Liu-Lengyel, Hongying, and Alfonz Lengyel. "Ancient Literature and Folklore in Modern Chinese Cartoons." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 7.1-2 (1996): 45-53.

Liu-Lengyel, Hong Ying, and Alfonz Lengyel. "Liao: 62 Years in the Forefront of Chinese Cartooning." Witty World 18 (1994): 24-26.

Lombard, Matthew, John A. Lent, Linda Greenwood, and Asli Tunç. The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 17-33.

Lorenz, Lee. The Art of the New Yorker, 1925-1995. New York, NY: Knopf/Random House, 1995.

McAllister, Matthew P., Edward H. Sewell, Jr., and Ian Gordon, eds. "Comics and Ideology. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2001.

McCauley, C., K. Woods, C. Coolidge, and W. Kulick. "More Aggressive Cartoons Are Funnier." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 44 (1983): 817-823.

McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics. Princeton, WI: Kitchen Sink Press, 1993.

McDaniel, Anita K. "Dave Sim on Guys." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 473-484.

McGillicuddy, Margaret. "Roy Peterson: A Gooey and Conformist Style has Pervaded the Industry." Witty World 16 (1993): 34-38.

McGreevy, Thomas. "Exhibitions: The Comedy Spirit." The Studio: Magazine of Beauty 116 (1938): 216-218.

McKay, T. D., and M. E. McKay. "Captioned and Non-Captioned Cartoons--Effects of Structural Properties on Ratings of Humor." Perceptual and Motor Skills 54.1 (1982): 143-146.

Macaulay, David. Great Moments in Architecture. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin, 1978.

Magnussen, Anne. "Spanish Comics and Family." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 66-84.

Mahamood, Muliyadi. "Japanese Style in Malaysian Comics and Cartoons." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 194-204.

Mahamood, Muliyadi. "An Overview of Malaysian Contemporary Cartoons." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 292-304.

Mahony, Diana L. “The Psychological Appeal of Bill Watterson’s Calvin.” HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 13.1 (2000): 19-40.

Makemson, Harlen. "Private Vice and Public Virtue: Political Cartoons as `Opprobrious Discourse' Against Grover Cleveland During the 1884 Presidential Campaign." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 90-117.

Maksimova, Svetlana. "Comics in Education: Are They Useful?" International Journal of Comic Art 7.1 (2005): 75-94.

Maltin, Leonard. Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons, Revised Edition. New York, NY: Penguin/Plume, 1987.

Manning, Haydon. "Political Arts--Talking to Cartoonist Bill Leak." Meanjin 64.1-2 (2005): 114-120.

Manning, Haydon and Robert Philddian. "In Defence of the Political Cartoonists' Licence to Mock." Australian Review of Public Affairs 5 (2004): 25-42.

Manning, Haydon, and Robert Phiddian. "Two Men and Some Boats--The Cartoonists and the 2001 Election." 2001 The Centenary Election. Eds. J. Warhurst and M. Simms. Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland Press, 2002, 41-61.

Manning, Haydon, and Robert Phiddian. "Where are Clowns? Political Satire in the 1998 Federal Election Campaign." in Howard's Agenda: The 19098 Federal Election. Eds. M. Simms, and J. Warhurst. Brisbane, Australia: University of Queensland Press.

Manoel da Silva, Nadilson. "Brazilian Adult Comics: The Age of Market." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 187-204.

Mario de Alcantara Calazans, Flávio (Trans: Kenja Toma). “From the 1Cricket’ (Grilo) to the `Cockroach’ (Barata): Visual Poetics in the Brazilian Comics (European BD + Japanese Manga and USA Underground Comix). International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 321-339.

Marling, Karal Ann, ed. Designing Disney's Theme Parks: The Architecture of Reassurance. Montreal, Canada: Canadian Center for Architecture/Flammarion, 1997.

Martín, Antonio. Los Inventores del Comic Español 1873-1900. Barcelona, Spain: Colección Moebius, Serie Antologia, Planeta de Agostini, 2003.

Martin, Gérard Vincent, ed. L'Humour Graphique. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1996.

Martin, Gérard Vincent "Humour Graphique et Desseins Lubriques." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 69-82.

Mastgerson, Kate. "Humor in Art." Lippincott's Monthly Magazine 91 (1913): 249-250.

Mathews, R. Mark, and Michael Dix. "Behavior Change in the Funny Papers: Feedback to Cartoonists on Safety Belt Use." Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 25.4 (1992): 769-775.

Mathias, Margaret M. “Expanding the Technology Debate Through the Investigation of Humor in Recent Art: 1950s to 1990s.” Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation: Newport, RI: Salve Regina University, 2000.

Matlin, Margaret W. Sensation and Perception. 2nd Edition. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1988.

Maupoint, Micheline. "Plantu: The Editorial in Caricatures: An Analysis of the Role and the Impact of Plantu's Political Cartoons in the French Daily Newspaper, Le Monde." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 53-69.

Maynard, Michael L. "Friendly Fantasies in Japanese Advertising: Persuading Japanese Teens through Cartoonish Art." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 241-260.

Medhurst, Martin J., and Michael A. Desousa. "Political Cartoons as Rhetorical Form: A Taxonomy of Graphic Discourse." Communication Monographs 48 (1981): 197-236.

Meglin, Nick. The Art of Humorous Illustration. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1981.

Merino, Ana. "Gary Groth and Kim Thompson: Interviews with the Heart of the Alternative Comics Industry." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 31-73.

Merino, Ana. "Spanish Comics: A Symposium." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 1-138.

Miller, G. E., and P. Bacon. "Open- and Closed-Mindedness and Recognition of Visual Humor." Journal of Communication 21 (1971): 150-159.

Miller, Jeffrey A. "Comics Narrative as Striptease."  International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 143-150.

Miller, Jeffrey A. "A Response to Kobayashi Yoshinori's On Taiwan." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 266-280.

Miller, Samuel. "The Clown in Contemporary Art." Theology Today 24 (1967): 316-328.

Mitsugu, Katayori. “A Pioneer of Manga Studies in Japan Before and After the War.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 47-67.

Moffitt, John F. “Fragmenta Artibus Historiae: Revue Internationale des Titres Inédits pour l’Histoire de l’Art.” Humour, Science et Langage. Ed. Anne-Marie Laurian. Nice, France: Z’Éditions, 1991 125-128.

Moffitt, John F. "Fragmenta Ex Artibus Scientiae: Jahrbuch für Bisher Unveröffentlichte und Nachgemachte Kunstwissenschaftliche Artikelund Vortags TITEL." Journal of Irreproducible Results 59.2 (2005): 17-21.

Moffitt, John F. "'Nexus-Systematics': A Provincial Exercise in Late Modernist Art Thinking." Contrastes. Paris: Larousse, Sorbonne, 1985, 43-68.

Mollica, A. "Cartoons in the Language Classroom." The Reading Teacher 39.2 (1976): 132-137.

Moncelet, Christian. "Portées: Variations sur le Motif de l'Onbre dans le Dessin d'Humour du XIXème à Nos Jours." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 97-108.

Montanaro, Ann R. Pop-Up and Movable Books: A Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Montressor, Jaye Berman. "The Artist as Accidental Tourist in Gilbert Sorrentino's Blue Pastoral." Studies in American Humor NS3.1 (1994): 95-103.

Montresor, Jaye Berman. "Comic Strip-Tease: A Revealilng Look at Women Cartoon Artists." Look Who's Laughing: Gender and Comedy. Ed. Gail Finney. New York, NY: Gordon and Breach, 1994. 335-348.

Moran, Carmen. "Allies Cartoon Humor in World War II: A Comparison of `Willie and Joe' and ~Bluey and Curley'." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 431-444.

Morgan, Winifred. "The Decay of a Trickster in Popular Culture: Calvin and Hobbes." Columbia Journal of American Studies 3.1 (1998): 85-94.

Morris, Raymond M. Behind the Jester's Mask: Canadian Editorial Cartoons about Dominant and Minority Groups 1960-1979. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 1989.

Morris, Raymond N. Carnivalisation of Politics: Quebec Cartoons on Relations with Canada, England and France. Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1995.

Morris, Raymond M. "Cultural Analysis through Semiotics: Len Norris' Cartoons on Official Bilingualism." Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 28.2 (1991): 225-254.

Morris, Raymond M. "Visual Rhetoric in Political Cartoons: A Structuralist Approach." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 8.3 (1993): 195-210.

Morrison, Susan S. “The Feminization of the German Democratic Republic in Political Cartoons 1989-1990.” Journal of Popular Culture 25.4 (1992): 35-51.

Murray, Christopher. “Noble Enterprises: Strip for Me and the British Small Press.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 283-310.

Murray, Christopher. "Superman vs. Imago: Superheroes, Lacan, and Mediated Identity." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 186-208.

Murray, Christopher, Joyce A. Walker, and Douglas Webster. "My Mouth Is Quiet, but My Mind Is Noisy: The Work of John Watson." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003):367-391.

Murray, Kristen. "A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Cartoon Perception." Australian Journal of Comedy Eds. Gerard Matte and Jessica Milner Davis. 3.1 (1997): 43-51.

Murrell, William. A History of American Graphic Humor. New York, NY: Plantin, 1968.

Murrell, William A History of American Graphic Humor (1865-1938). New York, NY: Macmillan, 1938.

Nachmanovitch, Stephen. Free Play: Improvisation in Life and Art. Los Angeles, CA: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1990.

Nardin, Kenneth D. "Cartoonist Dick Locher in Retrospect: His Life and Work." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 154-167.

Nelson, Roy Paul. The Cartoonist. Eugene, OR: Seven Gables Press, 1994.

Nelson, Roy Paul. Comic Art and Caricature. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1978.

Nelson, Roy Paul. Humorous Illustration and Cartooning: A Guide for Editors, Advertisers, and Artists. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984.

Néret, Gilles. Salvador Dali. Köln, Germany: Benedikt Taschen, 1994.

Nevins, Allan, and Frank Weitenkampf. A Century of Political Cartoons. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1944.

Nevins, Mark David. "`Drawing from Life': An Interview with Joe Sacco." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 1-52.

Ng, Wai-Ming. "Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Comics: History, Art and Industry." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 184-193.

Nguyen, Nhu-Hoa. “The Rhetoric of Omission in Comic Art.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 283-300.

Nguyen, Nhu-Hoa, and Philippe Sohet. "Social Criticism in a Singular Mode of Expression: The Art of New Realist Cartoonist Chantal Montellier." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 115-133.

Niederhausen, Michael. “Deconstructing Crisis on Infinite Earths: Grant Morrison’s Animal Man, JLA: Earth 2, and Flex Mentallo.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 271-282.

Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. “Animation” (32-36),  “Architecture” (39-45), “Art” (41-45), “Cartoons” (60-64), “Comic Books” (86-95), “Comic Strips” (90-94), “Humorous Icons” (157-159), “Humor Museums” (207-210). “Puppets and Puppeteers” (239-243).”  Encyclopedia of 20th Century American Humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Nilsen, Don L. F. "Humor in Art and Cartooning." Humor Scholarship: A Research Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1993, 243-250.

Nilsen, Don L. F. "Visual Imagery: How to Paint Fascinating Word Pictures." New Mexico English Journal 3.2 (1988): 21-22.

Noh, Sueen. "The Gendered Comics Market in Korea: An Overview of Korean Girls' Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 281-298.

Nordin, Kenneth D. "The Editorial Comic Art of Clay Bennett." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 244-255.

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. “Press Cartoons and Politics in Cameroon.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 171-190.

Nyberg, Amy Kiste. “Theorizing Comics Journalism.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.2 (2006): 98-112.

O'Sullivan, Judith. The Great American Comic Strip: One Hundred Years of Cartoon Art. Canada: Bulfinch Press, 1990.

Obonyo, Levi. "Cartoonists in Kenya: Past, Present, and Future." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 96-116.

Ogi, Fusami. Mitsugu, Katayori. “Katayori Mitsugu: A Pioneer of Manga Studies in Japan Before and After the War.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 47-67.

Olsen, Andrea and Lance. "Whaling the Daylights Out of Authority: Postmodern Humor and Duchamp." Studies in Iconography 2 (1987): 253-62.

Onoda, Natsu. "Drag Prince in Spotlight: Theatrical Cross-Dressing in Osamu Tezuka's Early Shojo Manga." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 124-138.

Onoda, Natsu. "Tezuka Osamu and the Star System." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 161-194.

Orbdlik, Antonin. "Gallows Humor: A Sociological Phenomenon." The American Journal of Sociology 47 (Fall 1942): 709-716.

Ostrom, Richard. "Bali's Transition from a Traditional to a Modern Society: Some Op-Art Warnings about the Trade-offs." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 229-240.

Ostrom, Richard. "The Changed Function of Political Cartoonists in Indonesia: From Challenging a Repressive Regime to Promoting Democratic Reforms." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 231-243.

Packalén, Leif. "Comics in the Development of Africa." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 104-121.

Packard, Stephan. “Reflections of the Cartoon.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.2 (2006): 113-125.

Paolillo, John C. "Gary Larson's Far Side: Nonsense? Nonsense!." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 11.3 (1998): 261-290.

Paquet, Marcel. René Magritte. Köln, Germany, Benedikt Taschen, 1994.

Parish, Rose L., and Wesley A. Kayson. "Effects of Sex, Year In School, and Type of Cartoon on Ratings of Humor and Likeability." Psychological Reports 62.1 (1988): 563-566.

Partridge, Myra. "Webtoonists: Making a Living Online." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 504-512.

Patanella, Daniel. “The Persuasive Techniques and Psychological Validity of Seduction of the Innocent. The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 76-85.

Pauer, Frank. "From 'Gnorm Gnat' to 'Garfield: The Astounding Success of Jim Davis." Witty World 5 (1988): 20-23.

Pearson. "Personality Characteristics of Cartoonists." Personality and Individual Differences 4 (1983): 227-228.

Pease, R. A. "Cartoon Humor in Nursing Education." Nursing Outlook 39.6 (1991): 262-267.

Pérez del Solar, Pedro. "Old Fashions for New Times: El Desencanto in Spanish Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 85-101.

Pollio, Howard R., and Judith Theg Talley. "The Concepts and Language of Comic Art." Humor: International Journal of Humor Research 4.1 (1991): 1-22.

Pollmann, Joost. “An Art of the Real: About the Adulthood of Contemporary Comics.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 107-126.

Pons, Alvaro. "Between Avant-Garde and Commerciality: The Dichotomy of New Alternative Publishing Companies in Spain." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 138-153.

Portnoy, Edward. "Follow My Nose: Self-Caricature in Cartoons of the Yiddish Press." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 285-303.

Postema, Barbara. "Memories That Don't Weaken: Seth and Walter Benjamin." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 266-272.

Prager, Brad. "Modernism in the Contemporary Graphic Novel: Chris Ware and the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 195-213.

Prassel, Igor. “Slovenian Comics.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 86-97.

Prerost, Frank J. "Locus of Control as a Factor in the Appreciation of Election-Year Political Cartoons." Psychological Reports 72.1 (1993): 217-218.

Press, Charles. The Political Cartoon. Rutherford, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1981.

Propůpek, Tomáš. "Czech Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 312-448.

Provencher, Ronald. "Remembering `The Chief,' Rejab Had: Cartoonist, Story Teller, Teacher, and Philosopher." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 290-291.

Provencher, Ronald. "Travels with `The Chief': Rejab Had, A Malaysian Cartoonist." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 7.1-2 (1996): 55-75.

Puche-Navarro, Rebeca. "Graphic Jokes and Children's Mind: An Unusual Way to Approach Children's Representational Activity." Revista Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 45.5 (2004): 343-355.

Radomska, Anna, Katarzyna Bialek, Katarzyna Wojtysiak-Rey. "Humor Appreciation in 10-Year-Olds: the Influence of Affective Disposition towards Cartoon Protagonists and their Status in Domance Hierarchy." "Stylistyka Dziś/Style and Humor" a special issue of Stylistyka 10 (2001): 241-260.

Rao, Aruna. "Immortal Picture-Stories: Comic Art in Early Indian Art." Asian Popular Culture. Ed. John Lent. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995, 159-174.

Rao, Aruna. "Nymphs, Nawabs and Nationalism: Myth and History in Indian Comic." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 7.1-2 (1996): 31-44.

Rauch, Stephen. "`We Have All Been Sentenced': Language as Means of Control in Grant Morrison's Invisibles." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 250-263.

Raskin, Richard. "On the Background and Significance of Thurber's 'Seal in the Bedroom' Cartoon" Studies in American Humor NS7 (1989): 45-57.

Reaves, Wendy Wick. Celebrity Caricature in America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.

Reese, Michael. "The Making of Roger Rabbit: Disney and Spielberg Mix Actors and Cartoon Characters in a $45 Million Gamble." Newsweek, June 27, 1988: 54-59.

Reeves, Wendy Wick. Celebrity Caricature in America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.

Rei, Okamoto. "Portrayal of the War and Enemy in Japanese Wartime Cartoons." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 7.1-2 (1996): 5-17.

Reynolds, Richard. Super Heroes: A Modern Mythology. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Rhode, Michael G. “The Commercialization of Comics: A Broad Historical Overview.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 143-170.

Rhode, Michael G. “Harvey Pekar at the 2005 Small Press Expo.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.2 (2006): 126-162.

Richter, Mischa, and Harald Bakken. The Cartoonist's Muse: A Guide to Generating and Developing Creative Ideas. Chicago, IL: Contempory Books, 1992.

Rifas, Leonard. "Cartooning in Sri Lanka: A Precarious Tightrope Act." Asian Popular Culture. Ed. John Lent. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995, 109-125.

Rifas, Leonard. “`Especially Dr. Hilde L. Mosse’: Wertham’s Research Collaborator.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 17-44.

Rifas, Leonard. "Globalizing ?Comic Books from Below: How Manga Came to America." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 138-171.

Rivers, Kenneth T. Transmutations: Understanding Literary and Pictorial Caricature. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1991.

Robbins, Trina. "How I Became a Herstorian." International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 78-83.

Robbins, Trina. "No Man Is My Master: American Romance Comics of the 1970s and the Women's Liberation Movement."   International Journal of Comic Art 4.1 (2002): 151-162.

Robinson, Jerry, ed. The 1970s: Best Political Cartoons of the De­cade. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1981.

Robinson, Jerry. “The Ultimate Fantasy.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 225-235.

Rogers, Mark C. “Licensing Farming and the American Comic Book Industry.” The International Journal of Comic Art. 1.2 (1999): 132-142.

Rogers, Mark C. “Understanding Production: The Stylistic Impact of Artisan and Industrial Methods.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 509-517.

Rosenkranz, Patrick. Rebel Visions: The Underground Comix Revolution, 1963-1975. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books, 2002.

Ross, Al. Cartooning Fundamentals. New York, NY: Stravon Educational Press, 1977.

Rothberg, Michael. "`We Were Talking Jewish': Art Spiegelman's Maus as `Holocaust' Production." Contemporary Literature 35 (1994): 661-687.

Round, Julia. “Fragmented Identity: The Superhero Condition.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 358-369.

Rubenstein, Anne. “Mexican Magazine Censors Versus the United States Marines: A Case Study of Transnational Reception” The International Journal of Comic Art 1.2 (1999): 41-54.

Ruch, Willibald. "The Sense of Nonsense Lies in the Nonsense of Sense. Comment on Paolillo's (1998) `Gary Larsen's Far Side: Nonsense? Nonsense!" HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 12.1 (1999): 71-94.

Rusch, Mark T. "The Deranged Episode: Ironic Dissimulation in the Domestic Scenes of Edward Gorey's Short Stories." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 445-455.

Ruth, Brian. “Creating `Amateur’ Manga in the US: Pedagogy, Professionalism, and the Authenticity.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 375-394.

Ryan, Allan J. “The Cowboy/Indian Show: Recent Work by Gerald McMaster.” Exhibition Catalogue. Kleinburg, Canada: McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1991, 8-18.

Ryan, Allan J. “I Enjoy Being a Mohawk Girl: The Cool and Comic Character of Shelley Niro’s Photography.” American Indian Art Magazine Winter, 1994: 44-53.

Ryan, Allan J. "Postmodern Parody: A Political Strategy in Contemporary Canadian Native Art." Art Journal, Autumn, 1992, 59-65.

Ryan, Allan J. The Trickster Shift: Humor and Irony in Contemporary Native Art. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1999.

Ryan, Allan J., and Jim Logan. “The Classical Aboriginal Series.” Exhibition Catalogue Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada: Yukon Arts Centre, 1994, 1-17.

Sabin, Roger. Adult Comics: An Introduction. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Saenger, Gerhart, "Male and Female Relations in the American Comic Strip." Public Opinion Quarterly 19 (1955): 195-205; also in Funnies: An American Idiom. Eds. David Manning White, and Robert H. Abel. London, England: The Free Press of Glencoe (1963): 219-231.

Sánchez, Claudia, and Richard I. Parker. “Cultural Values in Latin American and U.S. Superhero Comics: A Text Analysis.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 198-224.

Sanders, Rik. "The Changing of Dutch Comics: Some Pluses and Minuses." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 139-156.

Sandler, Kevin S., ed. Reading the Rabbit: Explorations in Warner Brothers Animation. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Schober, Angelika, "La Cornemuse du Diable." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 135-144.

Schultz, T. R. "The Role of Incongruity and Resolution in Children's Appreciation of Cartoon Humor." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 13 (1972): 456-477.

Scott, Randall W. ed. The Comic Art Collection Catalog: An Author, Artist, Title, and Subject Catalog of the Comic Art Collection. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1994.

Scott, Randall W. “Beginnings and Landmarks: The Comic Art Collection at the Michigan State University Libraries and My Career.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 68-77.

Scott, Randall W. Comic Books and Strips: An Information Sourcebook. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1988.

Scott, Randall W. Comics Librarianship: A Handbook. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1990.

Shaheen, Jack G. "Arab Images in American Comic Books." Journal of Popular Culture 28.1 (1994): 123-135.

Shalit, Gene, ed. Laughing Matters: A Celebration of American Humor. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1987.

Shamoon, Deborah. "Focalization and Narrative Voice in the Novels and Comics of Uchida Shungiku." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 147-160.

Sharpe, J. A. Crime and the Law in English Satirical Prints 1600-1832. Cambridge, England: Chadwyck-Healey, 1986.

Sheppard, Alice. Cartooning for Suffrage Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.

Sheppard, Alice. "The Effect of Mode of Representation on Visual Humor." Psychological Reports 52 (1983): 299-305.

Sheppard, Alice. "Generality of Response to Humor and Wit in Cartoons, Jokes, Stories, and Photographs." Psychological Reports 35 (1974): 835-838.

Sheppard, Alice. "Suffrage Art and Feminism." Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 5 (1990): 122-136.

Sheppard, Alice. "There Were Ladies Present! American Women Cartoonists and Comic Artists in the Early Twentieth Century." Journal of American Culture 7 (1984): 38-48.

Shiau, Hong-Chi. "American Imported Animation in Taiwan: A Case Study of South Park." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 315-326.

Sigall, Martha. Living Life inside the Lines: Tales from the Golden Age of Animation. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.

Silbermann, A., and H. D. Dyroff, eds. Comics and Visual Culture: Research Studies from Ten Countries. Munich, Germany: K. G. Saur, 1986, 158-184.

Shiokawa, Kanako. "`The Reds' and `Yellow Covers': Pre-Modern Predecessors of Comic Books in Japan." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 7.1-2 (1996): 19-29.

Singer, Marc. “Invisible Order: Comics, Time and Narrative.” The International Journal of Comic Art 1.2 (1999): 29-40.

Singer, Marc. “‘A Serious House on Serious Earth’: Rehabilitating Arkham Asylum.” International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 269-282.

Singer, Marc. "Unwrapping The Birth Caul: Word, Performance, and Image in the Comics Text." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 236-249.

Smith, Ken. "Laughing at the Way We See: The Role of Visual Organizing Principles in Cartoon Humor." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 9.1 (1996): 19-38.

Smolderen, Thierry. “Thackery and Töpffer: The Weimar Connection.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 249-261.

Someillan, Yamile Regalado. “Visual Culture and the New Cuban Man: Examining a Core Force of the Cuban Revolution, 1959-1963.” International Journal of Comic Art 7.2 (2005): 164-197.

Somers, Paul P. Jr. Editorial Cartooning and Caricature: A Reference Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Soto Gamboa, Angel, and Francisca Dominguez Errázuriz. "A la Democracia con Humor: Caricaturas Politicas en el Diario La Época (1987-1990)." Legete: Estudios de Comunicacion y Sociedad 2 (2004): 23-51.

Speckman, Karon Reinboth. "The Bush-Blair Duo Before the 2003 Iraqi War: Cartoons from London Newspapers." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 118-137.

Spencer, David R. "The Trojan Horse: Free Trade, the Americans, and Canadian Political Cartoonists, 1849-1879." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 191-220.

Spencer, Dick III. Editorial Cartooning. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1949.

Spitz, Ellen H. "Calvin and Hobbes: Postmodern and Psychoanalytic Perspectives." Psychoanalytic Review 80.1 (1993): 55-82.

Staake, Bob. The Complete Book of Caricature Cincinnati, OH: North Light Books, 1991.

Staake, Bob, and Roseann Shaughnessy, eds. Humor and Cartoon Markets. Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books, 1993.

Staub, Michael E. "The Shoah Goes On and On: Remembrance and Representation in Art Spiegelman's Maus." Melus 20.3 (1995): 33-46.

Stewart, Bob. "King Features Went Back to the Future on Its 75th Anniversary." Witty World 11-12 (1991): 20-23.

Strömberg, Fredrik. "Swedish Comics and Comics in Sweden." International Journal of Comic Art. 5.1 (2003): 74-94.

Swords, Betty. "Why Women Cartoonists Are Rare, And Why That's Important." New Perspectives on Women and Comedy. Ed. Regina Barreca. Philadelphia, PA: Gordon and Breach, 1992, 65-84.

Szabo, Joseph George. "Abortion." Witty World 19 (1995): 13-15.

Szabo, Joseph George. "A Candid Interview with Charles M. Schulz." Witty World 13 (1992): 16-23.

Szabo, Joseph George, ed. The Finest International Political Cartoons of Our Time. North Wales, PA: Witty World, 1994.

Szabo, Joseph George. "I Am the Same Sarcastic Bitch as I Always Was: The First Woman to Win the Pulitzer Prize in Editorial Cartooning." Witty World 15 (1993): 15-16.

Szabo, Joseph George. "Topor: 'Some People Don't Like When I Show What's in Their Mind." Witty World 17 (1994): 32-37.

Szabo, Joseph George. "Worldwide Madness: Cartoons Touch Nerves, Trigger Extreme Reactions." Witty World 17 (1994): 9-12.

Szabo, Joseph George, and John A. Lent. Cartoonometer: Taking the Pulse of the World's Cartoonists. North Wales, PA: Witty World, 1995.

Tabachnick, Steplhen E. "Of Maus and Memory: The Structure of Art Spiegelman's Graphic Novel of the Holocaust." Words and Image 9.2 (1993): 154-162.

Taffet, Jeffrey E. "Selling the Alliance: US Propaganda vs. Chilean Editorial Cartoons during the 1960s." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 163-190.

Taggart, Bronwyn Carlton. The Big Book of Urban Legends. New York, NY: Paradox Press/DC Comics, 1994.

Teuber, Marianne I. "Sources of Ambiguity in the Prints of Maurits C. Escher." Scientific American 231.1 (1974): 90-104.

Thompson, Don, and Dick Lupoff, eds. The Comic-Book Book. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1973.

Thompson, Kirsten. “Animation.” Comedy: A Geographic and Historical Guide Ed. Maurice Charney. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood Press, 2005, 135-152.

Thompson, T., and E. Zerbinos. "Gender Roles in Animated Cartoons." Sex Roles 32.9 (1995): 651-673.

Tillier, Bertrand. "De L'Utilité du Vase de Nuit: La Caricature Antinaturaliste et Antidreyfusarde de Zola." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 109-120.

Tillman, Albert. Pop-Up! Pop-Up!: Pop-Up Books: Their History, How to Collect Them, and How Much They're Worth. Eastsound, WA: Paper-Jam-Publishing, 1997.

Tju, Lim Cheng. "Chop Suey--Cartoons about the Japanese Occupation and National Education in Singapore." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 415-430.

Tomii, Reiko. "Akasegawa Genpei's The Sakura Illustrated When the Good Old Man Makes a Dead Tree Flower and the Bad Old Man Throws a Fire Bomb." International Journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 209-223.

Tondro, Jason. "Angel Passage: An Edition--Lyrics by Alan Moore." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 392-424.

Topliss, Iain. The Comic Worlds of Peter Arno, William Steig, Charles Addams and Saul Steinberg. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Tower, Samuel A. Cartoons and Lampoons: The Art of Political Sat­ire. New York: Julian Messner, 1982.

Towle, Benjamin F. "An Examination of Historiography in the Comics Medium." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 261-280.

Trudeau, Garry, ed. Comic Relief. NY: Owl/Henry Holt, 1986.

Truesdell, Bill, ed. Directory of Unique Museums. Kalamazoo, MI: Creative Communications, 1985.

Tsaousis, Spiros. "Postmodern Spatiality and the Narrative Structure of Comics." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 205-218.

Tsur, Reuven. "Droodles and Cognitive Poetics: Contribution to an Aesthetics of Disorientation." HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 7.1 (1994): 55-70.

Tufts, Clare. "Vincent Krassousky--Nazi Collaborator or Naïve Cartoonist?" International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 18-36.

Túlio Vilela, Marco, and Waldomiro Vergueiro. "The Brazilian X-Men: How Brazilian Artists Have Creataed Stories That Stan Lee Does Not Know About." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 221-235.

Upton, Dell. Architecture in the United States. New York, NY: Oxford, 1998.

Vance, Michael. Forbidden Adventures: The History of the American Comics Group. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.

Varea, Jesús Jimémez. "You Can Never Win: An Analysis of Comic Strips by the Spanish Cartoonist Peñarroya." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 50-65.

Verano, Frank. “Invisible Spectacles, Invisible Limits: Grant Morrison, Situationist Theory, and Real Unrealities.” International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 319-329.

Verano, Frank. “Spectular Consumption: Visuality, Production, and the Consumption of the Comics Page.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 378-387.

Vergueiro, Waldomiro C. S. "Children's Comics in Brazil: From Chiquinho to Mônica, a Difficult Journey." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 171-186.

Vergueiro, Waldomiro C. S., and Lucimar Ribeiro Mutarelli. "Forging a Sustainable Comics Industry: A Case Study on Graphic Novels as a Viable Format for Developing Countries, Based on the Work of a Brazilian Artist." International journal of Comic Art 4.2 (Fall, 2002): 157-167.

Vessels, Joel E. "What Your Children Are Reading." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 205-221.

Vickers, Scott B. Native American Identities: From Stereotype to Archetype in Art and Literature. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.

Walker, Mort. The Lexicon of Comicana. NY: Comicana, 1980.

Walker, Mort. "The Museum of Cartoon Art." Witty World 2 (1987): 26-27.

Walter, Garry. “The Psychiatric Patient in American Cartoons, 1941-1990.” HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 13.1 (2000): 7-18.

Walter, Garry. "The Psychiatrist in American Cartoons, 1941-1990." Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 85.2 (1992): 167-172.

Wang, Qi. "Troubled Identities at Borderland--Fantasy about the Past and the Future in Anime." International Journal of Comic Art7.1 (2005): 404-421.

Wardroper, John Edmund. The Caricatures of George Cruikshank. New York, NY: David R. Godine, 1977.

Wardroper, John Edmund. Cruikshank 200: Catalogue of Bicentenary Exhibition, 1992. London, England: Orleans House Gallery, 1992.

Warren, Rosalind, ed. Kitty Libber: Cat Cartoons by Women. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1992.

Watterson, Bill. "The Cheapening of the Comics." Witty World 8 (1989): 21-28.

Watterson, Bill. The Days Are Just Packed. Kansas City, MO: Andrew and McMeel, 1993.

Weber, David, and Friz Freleng. Animation: The Art of Friz Freleng Newport Beach, CA: Donovan, 1994.

Weber, John. "The Man of Steel's Hometown Pays Homage." Witty World 5 (1988): 8-10.

Weber, John. "Steve Benson Wins the '93 Pulitzer Prize." Witty World 16 (1993): 4-5.

Weber, John. "Unger: A Little Bit Removed from Reality." Witty World 6-7 (1989): 46-53.

Weidenbaum, Marc. "The Maestro of Belleville: Benoît Charest." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 254-265.

Wells, H. W. Traditional Chinese Humor: A Study in Art and Literature. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1971.

Wepman, Dennis. "19th Century Style and Modern Sensibility: A Conversation with Caricaturist David Levine." Witty World 4 (1988): 23-27.

Wepman, Dennis. "Berke Breathed Moves On." Witty World 8 (1989): 29

Wepman, Dennis. "Cartoons and Bonsai in Omiya." Witty World 17 (1994): 16-17.

Wepman, Dennis. "The Johnny Hart B.C. Open: Cartoonists on the Green in Endicott." Witty World 18 (1994): 16-19.

Wepman, Dennis. "Did Kudzu Help Marlette Win the Pulitzer Prize?" Witty World 9 (1990): 50-55

Wepman, Dennis. "Friz Freleng: The Last of the Great Animation Pioneers." Witty World 16 (1993): 19-26.

Wepman, Dennis. "Kal: Cartoonist for the World." Witty World 19 (1995): 8-12.

Westerman, Mariet. "How Was Jan Steen Funny? Strategies and Functions of Comic Painting in the Seventeenth Century." A Cultural History of Humour: From Antiquity to the Present Day. Eds. Bremmer, Jan, and Herman Roodenburg. Cambridge, England: Polity Press, 1997, 134-178.

Weyl, Daniel. "L'Aboninable Haddock au Tibet." L'Humour Graphique: CORHUM No. 5, Ed. Gérard Vincent Martin. Paris, France: CORHUM, 1997, 25-36.

White, David Manning, and Robert H. Abell. The Funnies: An American Idiom. London, England: Collier-Macmillan, 1963.

Witek, Joseph. "Comics Criticism in the United States: A Brief Historical Survey." The International Journal of Comic Art 1.1 (1999): 4-16.

Witek, Joseph. "Long Form/Short Form: Narrative Strategies of Some 9/11 Comics." International Journal of Comic Art 5.2 (2003): 281-295.

Wong, Carolyn. “Learning about my Grandfather.” International Journal of Comic Art. 8.1 (2006): 45-70.

Wood, Art. Great Cartoonists and Their Art. Gretna, LA: Pelican, 1987.

Worcester, Kent. "Words and Pictures in the Classroom: A Symposium." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 316-328.

Wright, Edmond. "Art and Illusion: A Philosophical Defence." Gombrich on Art and Psychology. Ed. Richard Woodfield. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1996, 101-114.

Wright, Edmond. "The Original of E. G. Boring's "Young Girl/Mother-in-Law" Drawing and its Relation to the Pattern of a Joke." Perception 21 (1992): 273-275.

Yokota, Masao. "A Master Animator: Yasuji Mori's Works for Children." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 376-391.

Yokota, Masao. "Satoshi Kon's Transition from Comics to Animation." International Journal of Comic Art 6.1 (2004): 250-265.

Zenari, Vivian. "Sluts for a Story: Narrative and Comics in Patricia Seaman's New Motor Queen City." International Journal of Comic Art 6.2 (2004): 404-414.

Zurier, Rebecca, Robert W. Snyder, and Virginia M. Mecklenburg. Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and their New York. New York, NY: Norton, 1995.